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Studien visar att ekonomiska fördelar av patientens inställning till norra torskens återhämtning – Canadian Business

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ST. JOHN ‘ S, N. L. — En långsam och stadig strategi för att återuppbygga den norra beståndet av torsk kunde se sysselsättningen i den avgörande fiske raket i drygt ett decennium, enligt en ny studie.

Rapporten släpptes torsdag genom opinionsbildning grupp Oceana Kanada som en av sex fallstudier bedömas av University of British Columbia fiske ekonomer i en större rapport med tanke på de sociala och ekonomiska fördelarna av att bygga Kanadas fiske.

Ekonomer projekt som inom 11 år, under gynnsamma förhållanden och låga fisketrycket, en ombyggd norra torskfisket skulle kunna stödja 26,000 jobb — 16 gånger fler än idag. Den ekonomiska aktivitet som genereras av fisket kunde nå 233 musd, upp från sin nuvarande nivå på 33 miljoner dollar.

“Våra resultat tyder på att med detta kortsiktiga kostnaden kan leda till ekonomiska fördelar, vilket på lång sikt är en förbättring jämfört med status quo,” den fullständiga rapporten läser.

Studien talade för att den norra cod ‘ s status som en “ikonisk arter” av stor betydelse för kustsamhällena i nordöstra Newfoundland och Labrador.

“Det (norra cod) står som en symbol för godhet och välstånd som stöds omfattande fiske …. Det är också en symbol för den förlust och de förödande konsekvenserna av överfiske,” studie läsa.

“Tecken på en svag återhämtning i norra cod ge hopp, och med det möjligheter till (rätt) missförhållanden i det förflutna.”

Forskare sprang flera scenarier, men även under de fattigaste miljöförhållanden, studien beräknade värdet av norra cod, om det är tillåtet att bygga upp till en hälsosam status med låga fisketrycket, skulle överstiga dess värde enligt nuvarande praxis.

Norra cod prognoser sattes mot ett “status quo” fånga. Status quo var definierad som 13 000 ton landad fisk per år medan ett lågt fiske fånga definieras som 9,500 årliga ton.

Den kommersiella torskfisket, när ryggraden i Newfoundland och Labrador fiskerinäringen, kollapsade och var placerad under ett moratorium 1992, kasta ut tusentals av arbete och gnistor protester.

Federal fiske tjänstemän rapporterade detta år som beståndet har gjort stora vinster under de senaste åren, men varnade för att det fortfarande är i en kritisk zon.

Oceana Kanada prognoser är förenliga med de råd som ges av den federala Department of Fisheries and Oceans när den släppt sin årliga rapport förra månaden. DFO rekommenderas att hålla avlägsnandet av cod på den “lägsta möjliga nivå” tills befolkningen klart den kritiska zonen.

Fisk, Food and Allied Workers Union svarade att DFO: s senaste rapport genom att förespråka för “blygsamma ökningar i skörd priser” samt argumentera för dessa ökar inte nämnvärt skulle påverka beståndets tillväxt.

Federal fiskeriminister Jonathan Wilkinson sade i ett uttalande på fredagen att skydda Kanada världshaven, och de jobb som är beroende av dem, är en “högsta prioritet” för den federala regeringen.

“Jag välkomnar Oceana s rapport och ser fram emot att samarbeta med miljöorganisationer och fisk skördare för att bygga Kanadas fiske,” Wilkinson sade.

Han sa att Bill C-68, fortfarande inför Senaten, är en viktig del av planen. Räkningen skulle ändra fiskelagen och införa starkare åtaganden för att genomföra ombyggnad planer för utfiskade bestånd.

Oceana Kanadas vetenskap chef Robert Rangeley sade i en intervju att norra cod var valts som en fallstudie eftersom det har en stor potential. “Det har varit att visa … några bevis i form av en bräcklig återhämtning. Det är ett steg i rätt riktning,” Rangeley sagt.

“Bör vi vara tålmodiga, eller bör vi att rusa in och fiske det nu? Jag tror att detta ger lite mer bevis för att en patient strategi kommer att få fördelar i framtiden.”

Rangeley sade ombyggnad planer är en viktig men ofta saknas bit för att återställa sunda status av Kanadensiska aktier.

Torsk undersökningen noteras att bara fem av Kanadas fiskbestånd bedöms som “kritiskt utarmat” har planer på ombyggnad på plats, och inte alla dessa att följa världens bästa praxis.

Rangeley sade dessa planer bör hålla behov av kustsamhällen i åtanke, men han sa att det största payoff kommer om bestånden kan bygga upp till en god nivå på grund av minskat fisketryck.

“Vi har fortfarande att återuppbygga dessa bestånd, och det är där värdet kommer att komma. Det är investeringar,” Rangeley sagt.

Holly McKenzie-Sutter, Den Kanadensiska Pressen

Kanske är förhållandet med EU var ofta rocky – Canadian Business

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BRYSSEL — Som Brittisk Premiärminister Theresa Maj meddelade sin avgång med Brexit plan någonstans i närheten av framgång, Europeiska Unionens ledare erbjuds vänliga ord. Men det var en helt annan sak under år av förhandlingar med eu som tillverkas ofta irritation, missförstånd och även några förlöjliga henne.

EU-Kommissionens Ordförande Jean-Claude Juncker, vars kontor ledde Brexit förhandlingar, på fredag Kan kallas “en kvinna med mod för att som han har stor respekt med sig,” säger han såg hennes avgång tal “utan personlig glädje.”

Och Brexit förhandlare Michel Barnier sade: “jag vill bara uttrycka min fulla respekt för Theresa Kan och sin beslutsamhet.”

Men de uttryckte massor av frustration under den klippiga rida som Kan framtagen under nästan tre år som såg goda relationer går surt.

Efter STORBRITANNIENS 2016 folkomröstning där väljarna bestämde sig för att lämna EU, tjänstemän i Europa klagade på att Kanske väntat i nästan ett år för att inleda förhandlingarna och att hennes lag var illa förberedda för uppgiften och senare vände sig om henne efter att ha misslyckats med att göra framsteg. De var bestört när hon ringde ett allmänt val i juni 2017 för att stärka hennes Konservativa partiets nummer för att hjälpa i förhandlingarna, bara för att förlora sin majoritet och försvaga sin regering. Som gjorde henne beroende av att särskilda Norra Irland intressen som komplicerat samtalen.

Kanske den lägsta punkten kom i September 2018 vid Salzburgs Slott när EU: s ordförande Donald Tusk offentligt hånade henne för att vara för girig i förhandlingarna.

“En bit av kakan, kanske? Tyvärr, inga körsbär,” Tusk skrev i en Instagram bild av honom som erbjuder Kanske en dessert fack. Det var en vissnande, undiplomatic gippar som anklagade henne för cherry-plocka de bästa delarna av EU: s lagstiftning, medan kasta vad hon ogillade.

Två månader efter Salzburg, Får på något sätt kommit överens om att ett avtal om utträde som ingår nog garantier för Irland att alla 27 medlemsstater skulle kunna leva med det.

I December, Kan tydligen missuppfattat en kommentar av jean-claude Juncker vid EU: s toppmöte i Bryssel och humöret sliten. Hon konfronterade honom, sjudande, “Vad gjorde du ringa mig? Du kallade mig ‘oklar?'”

Juncker sågs skakar på huvudet, tydligen svarar: “Nej det gjorde jag inte.”

Men sedan kom chocken för Europa som Kanske inte skulle kunna sälja affären för att hennes egna Konservativa Partiet, inte tre gånger för att få den igenom Parlamentet.

Nederländernas Premiärminister Mark Rutte, medan han säger att han respekterade Får men inte Brittisk politik, jämfört henne med den olyckliga Black Knight i en Monty Python-sketch. Riddaren har både armar och ben, skära av, men ändå vägrar att ge upp och berättar sin motståndare för att kalla det oavgjort.

På fredag, Maj meddelade att hon kommer att avgå som Konservativa partiledaren 7 juni, som kommer att utlösa en tävling för att välja en efterträdare som kommer att försöka slutföra Brexit som nästa Brittisk premiärminister.

Efter hennes tal, Rutte inte nämna Black Knight men i stället uttryckte sin “tack och respekt för Theresa May.”

Han gjorde dock lägga till att “affären mellan EU och storbritannien för en ordnad Brexit kvar på bordet.”

EU: s ledare kunde snart se tillbaka längtansfullt på den Får tid.

En möjlig efterträdare, tidigare Utrikesminister Boris Johnson, 2016 jämfört med EU: s mål, att de av Adolf Hitler, argumentera blocket var att försöka skapa en superstat som speglar försök av Nazistiska ledare att dominera den Europeiska kontinenten. På den tiden, Lubb kallas comment “absurt.”

Michel Barnier, EU-förhandlare, vägrade att fundera på vad framtiden skulle hålla om Johnson eller någon annan pro-Brexit politiker blev nästa premiärminister.

“Vad skulle hända nu? Låt mig tydligt säga här i Bryssel att det är för U.K. att avgöra. Ingen annans.” sade han.

Om en ny premiärminister drar Storbritannien från EU utan en ordnad övergång plan, det skulle vara höga ekonomiska kostnader för alla inblandade.

“Det nu innebär att vi går in i en ny fas när det kommer till Brexit och en fas som kan vara en mycket farlig man,” sade Irlands Premiärminister Leo Varadkar.

“Vad som än händer, vi kommer att hålla vårt nerv,” Varadkar sagt.

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Associated Press författare Lorne Laga bidragit.

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Följ AP full täckning av Brexit på: https://www.apnews.com/Brexit

Raf Casert, Associated Press

Could Dead Aliens Help Save Humanity?

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Those who don't learn the lessons of an extinct alien civilization's fall may be doomed to repeat it.

Humanity appears to be going down a dangerous path. We've developed weapons powerful enough to off ourselves many times over, for example, and we've been altering Earth's climate for decades without much regard for the serious consequences.

Similar behavior may have led to the demise of advanced alien races around the galaxy, said Avi Loeb, the chair of Harvard's astronomy department. Indeed, this might help explain, at least in part, why we have yet to make contact with ET despite the profusion of habitable real estate in the Milky Way (a puzzle known as the Fermi paradox).

Related: 13 Ways to Hunt Intelligent Aliens

"One possibility is that these civilizations, based on the way we behave, are short-lived," Loeb said last week during a talk at The Humans to Mars Summit in Washington, D.C. "They think short term, and they produce self-inflicted wounds that eventually kill them."

So, the hunt for ET should be wide-ranging enough to spy artifacts left behind by vanished civilizations, he added — evidence such as burned-up planetary surfaces and products of nuclear war swirling in an alien world's air.

Such a find would perhaps be the greatest scientific discovery of all time, and it might have the added benefit of putting our troubled species on a better path.

"The idea is we may learn something in the process," Loeb said. "We may learn to better behave with each other, not to initiate a nuclear war, or to monitor our planet and make sure that it's habitable for as long as we can make it habitable."

There are other practical justifications for the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI) as well, Loeb said. For example, making contact could lead to huge technological breakthroughs — if the aliens were kind enough to share their knowledge.

"Our technology is only a century old, but if another civilization had a billion years to develop space travel, they may teach us how to do it," Loeb said.

This possibility is another reason to continue pushing for interstellar-flight technology, he added. Loeb is involved in this field; he chairs the advisory board for Breakthrough Starshot, a $100 million project to develop tiny laser-sailing probes that could zoom toward exoplanetary systems at 20% the speed of light.

Breakthrough Starshot aims to have such a system up and running in 30 years or so. If this effort, or something like it, is successful, intelligent aliens may regard us in a new light — as relative peers worthy of attention and respect, Loeb said.

"My hope is that finding dead civilizations will inspire us to behave better and get our act together," he said. "And another hope that I have is that, once we exit from the solar system, we will receive a message back: 'Welcome to the interstellar club.' And we will figure out that there's a lot of traffic out there that we were not aware of."

We may have already gotten a glimpse of this traffic, Loeb said. He co-authored a paper recently suggesting that 'Oumuamua, the first confirmed interstellar object ever spotted in our solar system, might be an alien spacecraft.

The consensus view is that 'Oumuamua is a cometary body. But it's important not to dismiss the spacecraft idea out of hand, Loeb stressed.

"We should keep an open mind and not presume we know the answer in advance," he said. "You don't need to pretend that you know something."

  • 5 Bold Claims of Alien Life
  • 10 Exoplanets That Could Host Alien Life
  • 'Oumuamua: The Solar System's 1st Interstellar Visitor Explained in Photos

Mike Wall's book about the search for alien life, "Out There" (Grand Central Publishing, 2018; illustrated by Karl Tate), is out now. Follow him on Twitter @michaeldwall. Follow us on Twitter @Spacedotcom or Facebook.

Measles: Symptoms, Treatment and Vaccination

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Measles, also called rubeola, is a viral infection that's one of the most contagious infectious diseases in the world. The disease is marked by symptoms that are similar to a common cold, as well as a characteristic red rash. Between 2000 and 2010, the global incidence of measles decreased by 66% and the mortality caused by the disease decreased 74%, according to a report published in the journal The Lancet. Less than two decades ago, measles was almost wiped out in the United States, thanks to vaccines.

But recently, the virus has had a resurgence. Globally, the number of cases has jumped 30% due to vaccine hesitancy. More than 760 cases of measles were reported in the U.S. between Jan. 1 and May 3, 2019, according to Dr. Deepa Mukundan, a pediatric infectious diseases specialist at the University of Toledo Medical Center in Ohio. This is up from 372 cases over the entire year in 2018 and up from 120 cases over the entire year in 2017, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Measles is caused by Measles morbillivirus, a virus in the paramyxoviridae family. According to the CDC, the measles virus settles in the nose and throat mucus of an infected person. When a person infected with the virus coughs, sneezes or exhales, the virus becomes airborne and can spread to other people.

"The virus can remain in the air for significant periods of time," Mukundan told Live Science. "One can get the measles just by being in a room where a person with measles has been, even up to 2 hours after that person has left."

Indeed, the virus is incredibly contagious — 90% of people who are not vaccinated against measles will become infected if they share space with someone who has the virus.

"Another reason that it is transmitted so effectively is because the hallmark of measles, the rash, only comes several days after someone is contagious," said Dr. Jennifer Lighter, a pediatric infectious disease specialist at New York University Langone Health. Therefore, infected individuals can spread the virus for several days before realizing they're ill. The contagious period lasts about four days before and four days after the rash appears.

A person with measles is likely to infect between 5 and 18 unvaccinated people, according to a 2019 review published in the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases.

Most cases of measles cause some combination of cough, runny nose, red eyes, high fever and tiny white to bluish spots in the mouth, said Dr. Aileen M. Marty, a professor of infectious diseases at Florida International University's Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine in Miami. As the infection progresses, the characteristic red rash will develop. The rash typically looks like large, red, flat splotches on the skin.

To test for measles, a doctor will examine the patient for telltale symptoms, such as spots inside of the mouth and the skin rash. If the doctor has any doubt, they may order a blood test to confirm infection, according to the Mayo Clinic.

A red rash all over the body is the characteristic symptom of measles.
Credit: Shutterstock

Almost all cases require treatment by a doctor. "This is a disease where complications are common — complications such as ear infection (acute otitis media), diarrhea and dehydration, pneumonia, encephalitis and even death," Marty told Live Science. "In the United States, one to three of every 1,000 infected persons will die from [measles] complications — which is better than in the Third World, where as many as two to 15 per 100 infected persons die from measles and its complications."

Young children are much more susceptible to the virus. According to the Mayo Clinic, measles kills 100,000 people a year, most under the age of 5. Pregnant women and those with a compromised immune system are also at risk of severe complications.

There is no specific drug for treating measles. Instead, doctors treat the symptoms. "This means we provide/advise hydration, antipyretics (e.g., acetaminophen) for comfort and fever control, airway humidification in patients with respiratory tract involvement," Marty said. Though not licensed in the United States for the treatment of measles, some pediatricians have used Ribavirin, an antiviral medication, to treat severe pneumonia caused by measles, Marty added.

To protect those who have been exposed to the virus but have not been vaccinated, a doctor may order a post-exposure vaccination. If given within 72 hours of exposure, the vaccination may prevent the measles. Even if it doesn't prevent the disease, the vaccinated patient will only have a mild case of the measles, according to the Mayo Clinic. Another way to protect at-risk individuals is to inject them with immune serum globulin (antibodies or proteins derived from the blood of donors with measles immunity) within six days of exposure to the virus. Like a vaccination, this treatment can prevent measles or make the onset less severe.

For many people, recovering from the measles includes resting at home until the symptoms subside. It is important for patients to drink plenty of fluids to replace fluids lost during fevers. It may also be helpful to use a humidifier to relieve congestion and to block out bright lights that may bother sensitive eyes, according to the Mayo Clinic. Once the disease has run its course, the person will be immune to the virus.

However, the immune system may be significantly weakened for up to 2 years after recovering from the measles, according to Lighter. During this time, people can be more susceptible to secondary viral and bacterial infections, which may cause more complications than the original measles infection.

The best way to prevent measles is by vaccination. The CDC recommends 2 doses of the vaccine; the first for those between 12 and 15 months of age and the second for children between 4 and 6 years of age. The vaccine is 97% effective for those who receive both doses and about 93% effective for those receiving one.

Getting the proper vaccinations not only protects the individual receiving the vaccine, it also protects those who cannot be vaccinated: those allergic to components of the vaccine, those with a compromised immune system or those too young to receive the vaccine.

"Vaccines are one of the most effective tools we have to protect public health and prevent deaths around the world," said Dr. Scott Lillibridge, an infectious disease expert and professor at the Texas A&M Health Science Center School of Public Health.

About 94% of the U.S. population is vaccinated against measles, according to Mukundan, although there are pockets of people who delay or refuse vaccines. The groups of unvaccinated people make it difficult to control the spread of measles, she said.

"All measles outbreaks in the U.S. start either with a visiting international traveler infected with measles or from an unvaccinated U.S. resident returning from an international trip with a measles infection," Mukundan said. The infection is then spread to others in the community who are unvaccinated.

Two doses of the measles vaccine is 97% effective against the disease.
Credit: Shutterstock

Most measles cases occur in locations with groups of unvaccinated individuals, according to the CDC. In 2000, the U.S. declared that measles was effectively eliminated in the country. But since then, the disease has been making a comeback, likely due to anti-vaxxers.

"The antivax movement is a small percentage of the population but they are loud and draw a lot of undue media attention," Lighter said. Anti-vaxxers are driven by emotion rather than the science behind the vaccines, she said.

Modern opposition to vaccines is largely fueled by religious beliefs and the unwarranted concern that vaccines are somehow linked to autism, among other reasons, according to the Measles & Rubella Initiative, a collaboration of the world's largest health organizations that aims to eliminate measles and rubella.

Before the measles vaccine approval in 1963, an estimated 3 to 4 million people in the U.S. contracted the measles per year, with 400 to 500 dying from complications, according to the CDC. Introduction of the vaccine led to a greater than 99% reduction in measles cases in the U.S. A wealth of research has confirmed that there is no relationship between vaccines and autism and has repeatedly validated the safety of the measles vaccine.

"Protect yourself and your loved ones by making sure that they are up to date on the measles vaccine," Mukundan said. "Prevention, meaning vaccination, is always better than cure."

Additional resources:

  • Find answers to frequently asked questions about measles, from the San Francisco Department of Public Health.
  • Learn more about the measles vaccine from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
  • Read about the World Health Organization's position on the measles vaccine and their goal to eradicate measles.

Additional reporting by Live Science Contributor Alina Bradford.

This Fungus Mines For Gold, Then Wears It

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Fungus now has a gold standard.

A pink, fluffy fungus found around the world is literally a gold-digger, collecting particles of precious gold along the thread-like strands that it extends into soil, scientists just discovered.

The gold-crusted fungus, called Fusarium oxysporum, doesn't just look fancy; it also seems to benefit from the bling, spreading faster and growing larger than unadorned fungi, researchers reported in a new study. [Microscopic Worlds Gallery: Fascinating Fungi]

The scientists used a scanning electron microscope to create highly magnified images of F. oxysporum collected in western Australia, revealing the fungus's tendrils liberally encrusted with tiny bits of gold. The fungus is thought to gather the gold through chemical reactions with underground minerals; it dissolves gold flakes using oxidation and then produces another chemical to make the dissolved gold solidify around the fungal threads, the researchers wrote.

However, it is not yet known how the fungus identifies gold, and though gold decoration seems to benefit the fungus, the precise mechanisms of how that works are unclear, according to the study.

Fungi are among the most ancient forms of life; the oldest fossil fungus, recently discovered in Canada's Northwest Territories, is thought to be a billion years old. Many types of fungi degrade and recycle organic matter, and some are known for their interactions with certain metals, "including aluminium, iron, manganese and calcium," lead study author Tsing Bohu, a researcher with Australia's Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), said in a statement.

"But gold is so chemically inactive that this interaction is both unusual and surprising — it had to be seen to be believed," Bohu said.

This is the first evidence that a fungus may play a role in moving gold through Earth's surface, and could provide clues for detecting subterranean gold reserves, the researchers reported.

That would be a boon for Australia's gold industry — the second-largest in the world — which is already sampling termite mounds and gum leaves for gold traces that might hint at larger deposits hidden underground, study co-author and CSIRO chief research scientist Ravi Anand said in the statement.

Identifying buried gold deposits through surface traces in fungi, trees or insect nests is cheaper and less harmful to the environment than drilling is, Anand added.

The findings were published online May 23 in the journal Nature Communications.

  • Facts About the Fungus Among Us
  • 11 Odd Facts About 'Magic' Mushrooms
  • In Images: The Largest Stash of Gold Coins in Israel

Originally published on Live Science.

Does Your Life Have Purpose? The Answer Could Affect How Long You Live.

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Having a strong purpose in life may have not only mental benefits, but also physical ones.

A new study suggests that purposeful living is linked to decreased risk of early death in those older than age 50. The new results were published Thursday (May 23) in the journal JAMA Network Open.

A group of researchers at the University of Michigan analyzed data from nearly 7,000 people older than 50 who were enrolled in a national study that began in 1992 and who filled out a psychological questionnaire in 2006. [Extending Life: 7 Ways to Live Past 100]

Participants were asked to rank how strongly they felt about statements such as "I enjoy making plans for the future and working to make them a reality" and "my daily activities often seem trivial and unimportant to me"; the people were then given a "life purpose score." The researchers then compared these scores with mortality rates of the participants over the next five years. During that time, 776 of the participants died.

Participants with the lowest life-purpose scores were more than twice as likely to die during the follow-up period, compared with participants with the highest life-purpose scores, the study found. In particular, those with lower life-purpose scores were more likely to die from heart or blood conditions.

The findings held even after the researchers took into account certain factors that could affect people's sense of life purpose or their risk of death, such as whether the participants had depression.

"There seems to be no downside to improving one's life purpose, and there may be benefits," said lead author Aliya Alimujiang, a doctoral student at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. "Previous research has suggested that volunteering and meditation may improve psychological well-being."

The next step for this research will be to determine if interventions designed to increase life purpose really work, and if increasing life purpose leads to good health outcomes such as improved quality of life, she added. 

According to the researchers, there are several possible reasons why having a life purpose might extend life span. Past studies have shown that stronger well-being, including purposeful living, decreased the activation of genes that trigger inflammation in the body. Inflammation, in turn, has been previously linked with an increase in risk of early death, according to the study.

Yet another study found that a stronger purpose in life was linked to lower levels of the "stress hormone" cortisol and lower levels of inflammatory molecules in the body. But no studies have directly measured such molecules or biomarkers and related them to health outcomes or mortality.

One limitation of the study is that the researchers couldn't exclude the possibility of "reverse causality" among participants with a chronic or life-threatening illness. In other words, the chronic or life-threatening illness could have been driving people to have a lower purpose in life.

In a follow-up analysis, when the researchers excluded people who had a chronic or life-threatening illness, their results still held true, but there was a higher likelihood that these results could have been due to chance, the authors noted.

  • 7 Ways Friendships Are Great for Your Health
  • How to Live Longer: 5 Really Easy Longevity Tips | Aging
  • 7 Ways to Stay Healthy After 40

Originally published on Live Science.

Why Are So Many People Dying on Mount Everest?

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Massively long lines at Mount Everest's frigid summit — partly due to a few days of good weather — may have contributed to the deaths of seven climbers this week, news sources report.

These crowds led to a deadly traffic jam. One of the mountaineers who died, 27-year-old Nihal Bagwan, of India, was "stuck in the traffic for more than 12 hours and was exhausted," Keshav Paudel, of Peak Promotion, a company that organizes tours on Everest, told Agence France-Presse. "Sherpa guides carried him down to Camp 4, but he breathed his last there."

Exhaustion is a risk that every climber faces. But what is it about Everest's jam-packed peak that's causing some people to lose their lives? [In Photos: Mount Everest Expeditions Then and Now]

Traffic jams mean people will have to spend more time at elevations that are taxing on the human body, and, if they need to descend because of sickness, it's a longer wait to possibly lifesaving treatments, an expert said.

As the world's highest-altitude mountain, Everest stands at 29,029 feet (8,848 meters) above sea level. However, climbers can begin to experience acute mountain sickness at much lower elevations of 8,200 feet (2,500 m), said Dr. Andrew Luks, a professor in the Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine at the University of Washington School of Medicine.

Climbers walk below Nuptse as they make their way to camp 2 on Mount Everest in this undated photo.
Credit: Christian Kober via AWL Images/Getty Images Plus

Acute mountain sickness (AMS) isn't fatal, but its symptoms can make a climber feel crummy. AMS affects up to 77% of travelers climbing to heights of between 6,000 and 19,300 feet (1,850 and 5,895 m), Luks wrote in a 2015 study in the Journal of Applied Physiology. Climbers with AMS primarily tend to get headaches but can also experience nausea, vomiting, lethargy and lightheadedness.

"[AMS] is the mildest form of acute mountain illness," Luks told Live Science. It can be prevented if climbers slowly ascend the mountain (after reaching 9,800 feet, or 3,000 m), don't overexert themselves, and take the altitude-sickness medication acetazolamide (trade name Diamox) or the anti-inflammatory steroid dexamethasone, Luks wrote in the study.

A person with AMS should immediately stop their ascent. If symptoms don't improve within a day or two, it's time to go down the mountain, Luks said.

More-serious acute mountain illnesses include high-altitude cerebral edema (HACE), which is a swelling of the brain, and high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE), which is a fluid buildup in the lungs. These conditions are rare but can be deadly.

For instance, HACE affects less than 1% of people to climb above 9,800 feet. Many people who develop HACE get AMS first, Luks noted. Once a person's brain swells, they may develop impaired balance or coordination, have an altered mental state, or feel extremely tired. They can even fall into a coma.

People with HACE should descend as soon as possible and, if necessary, be given supplemental oxygen, take the drug dexamethasone or be put in a portable hyperbaric chamber, Luks wrote in the study.

Meanwhile, HAPE affects up to 8% of climbers between 8,200 and 18,000 feet (2,500 and 5500 m). If fluid builds up in the lungs, it can cause the climber to move more slowly and develop a cough, sometimes with pink, frothy sputum.

What's more, frostbite, hypothermia and exhaustion can also wear on a mountaineer's health. And standing in a long line to ascend and descend the mountain doesn't help. [Photos: The World's Tallest Mountains]

"The longer someone spends above some threshold elevation at which they might get sick, the greater the risk that they face," Luks said. "And if someone is unable to descend because of a massive line on the mountain, then that is going to make it hard to get them to definitive therapy."

When mountaineers are waiting in line, they're not eating, drinking or sleeping, he said. They're also using up valuable oxygen supplies, if they chose to bring supplemental tanks, and exposing themselves to freezing conditions.

Summit fever, or the drive to reach a mountain's summit no matter what, probably plays a role, too, he said.

"These people quite often, though not always, have invested significant sums of money and time in this endeavor," Luks said. "And on a day when the weather conditions are otherwise good, you can imagine it would be very hard to convince someone to turn around because the line is long."

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Originally published on Live Science.

How Giuliana Rancic Is Helping Those With Breast Cancer Find Themselves Again

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Most people know this about Giuliana Rancic: She’s a co-anchor of E! News and a staple of every Hollywood red carpet. She’s married to former Apprentice star and entrepreneur Bill Rancic. She has opened up about her battles with breast cancer and infertility. But what many people don’t know about Rancic is that she’s on a mission to change the lives of those who are living with breast cancer today.

When she was 36, the reporter’s life was turned upside down following a phone call from her doctor. After an already “incredibly and emotionally difficult” year-long battle with infertility, Rancic was informed that she had breast cancer, despite having no symptoms or a family history of it. “I was in shock,” Rancic tells Prevention.com.

She had a double mastectomy and was prescribed the drug Tamoxifen, which she took every day for five years. “It was scary,” Rancic says, and for a while, she put aside everything to focus solely on her health.

Finally well enough to be back at work, Rancic was getting her hair and makeup done for E! News one day. She’d been scrolling through her phone until the makeup artist said she was ready to go to set. “When I looked at myself in the mirror, it was the first time I saw the woman I was before cancer,” she says.

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3…2…1 and we are live…TOMORROW!!! It’s the Oscars red carpet on E! hosted by yours truly and @ryanseacrest ⭐️ I will be live starting at 5:30pm eastern/2:30pm pacific. See you then ❤️❤️❤️

A post shared by Giuliana Rancic (@giulianarancic) on Feb 25, 2017 at 9:59pm PST

“I had lost myself and forgotten who I was because cancer was every second of my day for so long,” says Rancic. “I looked at myself and was like, ‘Oh, there she is, there is a whole other person besides cancer.'”

Rancic wanted to help others feel like that, too, so she partnered with Astellas Oncology to create an initiative that seeks to make a difference in the day-to-day lives of those with breast cancer. This way, they have one less thing to worry about.

Giving back

Cancer can become all encompassing for patients. There’s the doctor’s appointments, the taxing treatments, the difficult side effects, and the emotional stress of trying to get back to health.

Every day, the medical community is working toward revolutionary new ways to treat cancers, but oftentimes the daily activities of patients’ lives are put aside. Beyond medicine, many struggle with finding transportation to appointments, interpreting test results, or finding support.

Beyond medicine, Astellas Oncology is searching for the best ideas in cancer care that can improve a patient’s experience. Anyone—patient, caregiver, or medical professional—can submit an idea, and the C3Prize will award up to $200,000 in total funds and resources to help winners bring their ideas to life.

“Last year, $50,000 was granted to a woman for her idea to create videos to teach her community in Africa about breast cancer,” Rancic said. “No idea is too small.”

In addition to the C3 Prize, Rancic has partnered with Breast Cancer Research Foundation and The Pink Agenda to make a difference in the lives of others. She grants even more wishes through her charity Fab-U-Wish, which was established in 2014.

Staying healthy

Today, Rancic is in remission, and her health, family, and an exciting new business are her main priorities. To stay healthy, Rancic tries to get in her daily fix of vitamins and nutrients with a least one green smoothie a day. She also aims to eat “foods from from the earth.”

“In my 20s and 30s, it was all about what’s fast, so my diet included a ton of packaged, processed foods,” she said. “Today, I went back to my Italian roots and eat fresh, whole foods.” This includes pasta, tomato sauce, and yes, even Prosecco! “A simpler way of eating works for me because I grew up like that.”

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Currently Craving: Lobster Caprese at @rpmitalian 😘 #yummmmmm #oneofmyfavs #sogood

A post shared by Giuliana Rancic (@giulianarancic) on Jul 21, 2017 at 10:09am PDT

As far as exercising, walking is her go-to these days. “I used to exercise a lot. I used to be a runner, but I stopped and took a break after surgery. It was such a great release for me. I loved it!” But today, she takes walks outside or on the treadmill a few times a week, sometimes with light weights. The Rancics also love going on hikes together.

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The reporter also recently launched a natural skincare line, Fountain of Truth. “When I got through my surgery, I went through a lot of changes, and I started to pay attention to what I was putting on and in my body,” she says. She researched chemicals and ingredients in your average products and decided she wanted something more clean.

“There were a lot of really great clean products, but they weren’t addressing my needs like fine lines, wrinkles, and skin texture,” she says. So she created a line of clean washes, serums, and creams that Rancic says actually perform. Fountain of Youth is transparent about all of the ingredients in each product, and she says all products feature a bio-fermented complex that absorbs into the skin to improve texture, toning, dryness, and the appearance of fine lines.

For Rancic, it’s all about making an impact. “There’s no greater joy than granting someone’s wish and making that sort of difference in someone’s life,” she says. From now to July 15, head to www.C3Prize.com to submit an idea, and the winners will be announced this fall.

Stay updated on the latest science-backed health, fitness, and nutrition news by signing up for the Prevention.com newsletter here. For added fun, follow us on Instagram.

Nicol Natale
Assistant Editor
Currently an assistant editor at Prevention.com, Nicol is a Manhattan-based journalist who specializes in health, wellness, beauty, fashion, business, and lifestyle.

Kvinnelige administrerende direktører er konkurransedyktig betalt, men sterkt mindretall – Kanadiske Virksomhet

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De få kvinner som er administrerende direktører av de største AMERIKANSKE selskapene vanligvis tjene mer penger enn sine mannlige kolleger, men ikke nær toppen av poengtavlen for å betale pakken.

Median betale pakke for kvinnelige administrerende direktører i 2018 regnskapsåret var $12,7 millioner, sammenlignet med usd 11,2 millioner for menn, i henhold til data analysert ved Equilar for Associated Press. Som reflekterer en høyning på $680,000 for den samme gruppen av kvinnelige administrerende direktører fra året før, mot en høyning på $540,000 for menn. Median betyr halvparten var større, og halvparten var mindre.

Likevel, av de 340 selskaper som inngår i analysen, bare 19 ble drevet av kvinner. Plus, det er ikke en eneste kvinne på den generelle listen over de 20 mest høyt betalt administrerende direktører. Toppen earner det — Discovery administrerende DIREKTØR David Zaslav opptjente, betal-pakke verdt nesten seks ganger at av de høyest betalte kvinnelige administrerende DIREKTØR — Maria Barra av General Motors. Hun rekker en 30. plass på listen samlet.

Barra topper listen over kvinnelige administrerende direktører med en betale pakken verdsatt til nesten $21.9 millioner kroner, uendret fra året før. Lockheed Martin administrerende DIREKTØR Marillyn Hewson kom på andre med en kompensasjon verdsatt til $21,5 millioner, opp 7% fra året før. Og General Dynamics administrerende DIREKTØR Phebe Novakovic rundet topp tre med en kompensasjon pakke verdt $20.7 millioner kroner.

AP ‘ s CEO kompensasjon studie, utført av Equilar, inkluderer betale data for 340 ansatte på S&P 500-selskaper som har vært på minst to påfølgende regnskapsår på sine respektive selskaper og arkivert proxy uttalelser under den tradisjonelle perioden Jan. 1 til 30 April.

Mens kvinner angi AMERIKANSKE selskaper på omtrent samme pris som menn, sier ekspertene sine rekker å vokse tynnere på hvert trinn opp corporate ladder. Det finnes en rekke grunner til dette, blant annet ubevisste fordommer, manglende veiledning, ansette folk i sitt eget bilde, og mer. Dette etterlater få kvinner i rørledning til å ta toppen sete når den tid kommer.

Katalysator, en non-profit organisasjon som fokuserer på kvinner i næringslivet, sa at bare tre ganger i historien har en kvinne lyktes annen kvinne som daglig leder i en offentlig omsatte selskapet.

“Sjeldenhet av disse kvinnene, de er så eksepsjonell,” sa Allison Cook, som er professor i ledelse ved Utah State University (universitet som forsker på kjønn og mangfold på arbeidsplassen. “Ikke at noen av disse menneskene ikke eksepsjonell også … men disse kvinnene har til å være så utrolig til å ha gjort det så langt.”

Sammenligning av menns lønn til kvinner som gruppe er litt urettferdig, statistisk sett. Utvalgsstørrelsen er mye mindre for kvinner, så eventuelle endringer som blant denne gruppen har en enorm innvirkning.

Lorraine Hariton, administrerende DIREKTØR i Catalyst, sa at selv om tallene vises nedslående år over år, gevinster blir gjort i det lange løp.

Kvinner blir sakte mer utbredt i CEO roller og betale gradvis blir mer i samsvar. For eksempel, den nylig utgitte listen til Fortune 500-selskaper har flere kvinner enn noen gang før, 33, men i stor grad på grunn av avtaler gjort i de siste 12 måneder, ifølge Fortune magazine. Og kvinner er også trinnvis blir mer og mer vanlig på styrene i selskaper som bidrar til å innlede flere kvinner til ledende ledelse.

“Det er en gradvis utvikling i riktig retning, men mye langsommere enn hva vi ønsker å se.” Hariton sa.

Hariton og Lage mat også er begge enige om at den siste #metoo bevegelsen har bidratt til å øke bevisstheten om problemet, og brakte flere menn inn i samtalen, i noen tilfeller fremskynder selskaper til å se nærmere og adressen deres egen praksis.

I tillegg, Hariton sa forskning viser forbrukere forventer i økende grad at selskaper og Sjefer til å handle på miljømessige og sosiale forhold, inkludert mangfold.

“Bedrifter trenger for å løse dette ikke bare fordi det er den riktige tingen å gjøre, men å forbli konkurransedyktige,” Hariton sa. “Forbrukerne er krevende er det.”

Sarah Skidmore Selge, Associated Press

Apple bekrefter EKG-app for smartwatch kommer til Canada, men timingen er ikke kjent – Kanadiske Virksomhet

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TORONTO — Apple Inc. bekrefter at tidligere annonsert programvare som gjør sin siste smartwatch å utføre elektro-cardiograms har mottatt Kanadiske godkjenning, men nekter å spå når det vil være tilgjengelig for nedlasting.

Selskapet sier i en uttalelse til Den Kanadiske Trykk på at det vil bringe hjerte helse funksjoner av Apples Se Serien 4 til Canada “så raskt som mulig”, men en talskvinne avslått å gi en estimert tid for ankomst.

Uttalelsen følger en forfjamset av sosiale medier spekulasjoner etter rapporter denne uken at Helse Canada har godkjent Apple-Klokke programvare for å utføre ECGs og gir varsler av uregelmessig hjerterytme.

Apple-ansatte sa i September da klokken var offisielt annonsert at de har ville være utgangspunktet tilgjengelig i Usa og i andre land som de har mottatt regulatoriske godkjennelser.

Helse-Canada representant sa i en e-fredag at regjeringen byråets medisinske utstyret delen har godkjent to Apple-lisenser, men henviste spørsmål om Kanadiske release datoer til produsenten.

En person med kunnskap om Apples prosedyrer sa på bakgrunn av at hjertet funksjoner blir aktivert i Canada når selskapet oppdaterer se operativsystem programvare, men tidspunktet for oppdateringen var ikke kjent.

Den Kanadiske Trykk