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Flat-Earthers’ Cruise Will Sail to Antarctica ‘Ice Wall’ at the Planet’s Edge. Right.

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Organizers of an annual conference that brings together people who believe that the Earth is flat are planning a cruise to the purported edge of the planet. They're looking for the ice wall that holds back the oceans.

The journey will take place in 2020, the Flat Earth International Conference (FEIC) recently announced on its website. The goal? To test so-called flat-Earthers' assertion that Earth is a flattened disk surrounded at its edge by a towering wall of ice.

Details about the event, including the dates, are forthcoming, according to the FEIC, which calls the cruise "the biggest, boldest adventure yet." However, it's worth noting that nautical maps and navigation technologies such as global positioning systems (GPS) work as they do because the Earth is … a globe. [7 Ways to Prove the Earth Is Round]

Believers in a flat Earth argue that images showing a curved horizon are fake and that photos of a round Earth from space are part of a vast conspiracy perpetrated by NASA and other space agencies to hide Earth's flatness. These and other flat-Earth assertions appear on the website of the Flat Earth Society (FES), allegedly the world's oldest official flat Earth organization, dating to the early 1800s.

However, the ancient Greeks demonstrated that Earth was a sphere more than 2,000 years ago, and the gravity that keeps everything on the planet from flying off into space could exist only on a spherical world.

But in diagrams shared on the FES website, the planet appears as a pancake-like disk with the North Pole smack in the center and an edge "surrounded on all sides by an ice wall that holds the oceans back." This ice wall — thought by some flat-Earthers to be Antarctica — is the destination of the promised FEIC cruise.

There's just one catch: Navigational charts and systems that guide cruise ships and other vessels around Earth's oceans are all based on the principle of a round Earth, Henk Keijer, a former cruise ship captain with 23 years of experience, told The Guardian.

GPS relies on a network of dozens of satellites orbiting thousands of miles above Earth; signals from the satellites beam down to the receiver inside of a GPS device, and at least three satellites are required to pinpoint a precise position because of Earth's curvature, Keijer explained.

"Had the Earth been flat, a total of three satellites would have been enough to provide this information to everyone on Earth," Keijer said. "But it is not enough, because the Earth is round."

Whether or not the FEIC cruise will rely on GPS or deploy an entirely new flat-Earth-based navigation system for finding the end of the world, remains to be seen.

  • Religion and Science: 6 Visions of Earth's Core
  • 101 Images of a Round Earth Taken from Space
  • 8 Times Flat-Earthers Tried to Challenge Science (and Failed) in 2017

Originally published on Live Science.

A Single Thundercloud Carries 1 Billion Volts of Electricity

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When Benjamin Franklin tied a key to a kite and flew it into a lightning storm, he briefly became an appliance plugged into the strongest power generator on Earth.

Franklin knew, as most people do, that thunderstorms are incredibly powerful. Researchers have tried to estimate precisely how powerful for more than a century, but have always come up short — even the most sophisticated airborne sensors are inadequate because thunderclouds are just too big and unpredictable to measure.

Now, in a paper published Mar. 15 in the journal Physical Review Letters, researchers in Ooty, India, have come up with a shocking new answer — thanks to a little help from some cosmic rays. [Electric Earth: Stunning Images of Lightning]

Using an array of sensors designed to measure electric fields and the intensity of muons — heavy particles that constantly rain down from Earth's upper atmosphere, decaying as they pass through matter — the team measured the voltage of a large thundercloud that rolled over Ooty for 18 minutes on Dec. 1, 2014. The researchers found that, on average, the cloud was charged with about 1.3 gigavolts of electricity, which is 1.3 times 10^9 volts — roughly 10 million times more voltage than is supplied by a typical power outlet in North America.

"This explains why thunderclouds are so destructive," study co-author Sunil Gupta, a cosmic ray researcher at India's Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, told Live Science. "If you dissipate this massive amount of energy through anything, it is going to cause severe devastation."

Gupta and his colleagues primarily study muons — electron-like particles that are created when cosmic rays bash into various atoms in Earth's atmosphere. These particles have about half the spin of electrons but 200 times the weight, and are very good at penetrating matter. A muon raining down from the atmosphere can travel deep into the ocean or miles underground in just a fraction of a second, as long as it has enough energy.

Muons lose their energy when something gets in their way — say, a pyramid, for example. In early 2018, scientists discovered two previously unknown chambers inside the Great Pyramid of Giza by setting up muon detectors around the structure and measuring where the particles lost (and didn't lose) energy. Muons passing through the pyramid's stone walls lost more energy than muons passing through the large, empty chambers. The results allowed the researchers to create a new map of the pyramid's interior without setting foot inside of it.

Gupta and his colleagues used a similar method to map the energy inside the Ooty thundercloud. Instead of contending with stone, however, muons falling through the cloud faced a turbulent electric field.

"Thunderstorms have a positively charged layer on top and a negatively charged layer on bottom," Gupta said. "If a positively charged muon hits the cloud as it rains down from the upper atmosphere, it's going to be repelled and lose energy." [Infographic: How Lightning Works]

Using an array of muon-detecting sensors and four electric field monitors spread over several miles, the researchers measured the average drop in energy between muons that passed through the thundercloud and those that didn't pass through it. From this energy loss, the team was able to calculate how much electric potential the particles had passed through in the thunder cloud.

It was massive.

"Scientists estimated that thunderclouds could have gigavolt potential in the 1920s," Gupta said, "But it was never proven — until now."

Once the researchers knew the cloud's electric potential, they wanted to go a step further and measure precisely how much power the thundercloud carried as it roared over Ooty.

Using the data from their widely dispersed electric field monitors, the team filled in some important details about the cloud — that is was traveling at roughly 40 mph (60 km/h) at an altitude of 7 miles (11.4 kilometers) above sea level, had an estimated area of 146 square miles (380 square km, an area about six times the size of Manhattan), and reached its maximum electrical potential just 6 minutes after appearing.

Armed with this knowledge, the researchers were finally able to calculate that the thunderstorm carried about 2 gigawatts of power, making this single cloud more powerful than the most powerful nuclear power plants in the world, Gupta said.

"The amount of energy stored here is enough to supply all the power needs of a city like New York City for 26 minutes," Gupta said. "If you could harness it."

With current technology, that's an unlikely prospect, Gupta noted: The amount of energy dissipated by such a storm is so high that it would probably melt any conductor.

Still, the violently powerful potential of thunderstorms could help settle a cosmic mystery that scientists like Gupta and his colleagues have asked for decades: Why do satellites sometimes detect high-energy gamma rays blasting out of Earth's atmosphere, when they should be raining down from space?

According to Gupta, if thunderstorms can indeed create an electric potential greater than one gigavolt, they could also accelerate electrons quickly enough to break apart other atoms in the atmosphere, producing gamma-ray flashes.

This explanation requires more research to verify its accuracy, Gupta said. In the meantime, be sure to marvel at the next thundercloud you see, for it is an unfathomably mighty force of nature — and, please, think twice before flying a kite.

  • 5 Elusive Particles That May Lurk in the Universe
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  • Photos: Most Powerful Storms in the Solar System

Originally published on Live Science.

World’s Largest Atom Smasher May Have Just Found Evidence for Why Our Universe Exists

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For the first time ever, physicists at the world’s largest atom smasher have observed differences in the decay of particles and antiparticles containing a basic building block of matter, called the charm quark.

The finding could help explain the mystery of why matter exists at all.

"It's a historic milestone," said Sheldon Stone, a professor of physics at Syracuse University and one of the collaborators on the new research.

Every particle of matter has an antiparticle, which is identical in mass but with an opposite electrical charge. When matter and antimatter meet, they annihilate one another. That's a problem. The Big Bang should have created an equivalent amount of matter and antimatter, and all of those particles should have destroyed each other rapidly, leaving nothing behind but pure energy. [Strange Quarks and Muons, Oh My! Nature’s Tiniest Particles Dissected]

Clearly, that didn't happen. Instead, about 1 in a billion quarks (the elementary particles that make up protons and neutrons) survived. Thus, the universe exists. What that means is that particles and antiparticles must not behave entirely identically, Stone told Live Science. They should instead decay at slightly different rates, allowing for an imbalance between matter and antimatter. Physicists call that difference in behavior the charge-parity (CP) violation.

The notion of the CP violation came from Russian physicist Andrei Sakharov, who proposed it in 1967 as an explanation for why matter survived the Big Bang.

"This is one of the criteria necessary for us to exist," Stone said, "so it's kind of important to understand what the origin of CP violation is."

There are six different types of quarks, all with their own properties: up and down, top and bottom and charm and strange. In 1964, physicists first observed the CP violation in real life in strange quarks. In 2001, they saw it happen with particles containing bottom quarks. (Both discoveries led to Nobel prizes for the researchers involved.) Physicists had long theorized that it happened with particles containing charm quarks, too, but no one had ever seen it.

Stone is one of the researchers on the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) beauty experiment, which uses CERN's Large Hadron Collider, the 16.5-mile (27 kilometer) ring on the French-Swiss border that sends subatomic particles careening into one another to re-create the flashes of mind-boggling energy that followed the Big Bang. As the particles smash into each other, they break into their constituent parts, which then decay within fractions of a second to more stable particles.

The latest observations involved combinations of quarks called mesons, specifically the D0 ("d-zero") meson and the anti-D0 meson. The D0 meson is made up of one charm quark and one anti-up quark (the antiparticle of the up quark). The anti-D0 meson is a combination of one anti-charm quark and one up quark.

Both of these mesons decay in many ways, but some small percentage of them end up as mesons called kaons or pions. The researchers measured the difference in decay rates between the D0 and the anti-D0 mesons, a process that involved taking indirect measurements to ensure they weren't just measuring a difference in the initial production of the two mesons, or differences in how well their equipment could detect various subatomic particles.

The bottom line? The ratios of decay differed by a tenth of a percent.

"The means the D0 and the anti-D0 don't decay at the same rate, and that's what we call CP violation," Stone said.

And that makes things interesting. The differences in the decays probably isn't big enough to explain what happened after the Big Bang to leave behind so much matter, Stone said, though it is large enough to be surprising. But now, he said, physics theorists get their turn with the data. [Big Bang to Civilization: 10 Amazing Origin Events]

Physicists rely on something called the Standard Model to explain, well, everything at the subatomic scale. The question now, Stone said, is whether the predictions made by the Standard Model can explain the charm quark measurement the team just made, or if it will require some sort of new physics — which, Stone said, would be the most exciting outcome.

"If this could only be explained by new physics, that new physics could contain the idea of where this CP violation is coming from," he said.

Researchers announced the discovery in a CERN webcast and published a preprint of a paper detailing the results online.

  • What's That? Your Physics Questions Answered
  • The 18 Biggest Unsolved Mysteries in Physics
  • Photos: The World's Largest Atom Smasher (LHC)

Originally published on Live Science.

Day and Night Are Perfectly Balanced in Spring Equinox Photo Snapped from Space

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Earth just got another dazzling glamour shot, thanks to a satellite that snapped its photo on the March 20 spring equinox. This photo shows half of the planet illuminated in light, and the other steeped in darkness, just like a black-and-white cookie.

This beautiful symmetry is no surprise for anyone who knows anything about the equinox. In Latin, equinox means "equal night." Twice a year, in March and September, the equinox happens when the amount of daylight and darkness are nearly equal at all latitudes, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

Why aren't equinoxes more common? The answer has to do with Earth's tilt. Because the planet is tilted on its axis about 23.5 degrees, daylight is usually unequally distributed across the planet. Depending on where Earth is in its orbit around the sun, either the Northern Hemisphere or the Southern Hemisphere will have longer days or nights. [Earth Pictures: Iconic Images of Earth from Space]

"During two special times twice a year, the tilt is actually perpendicular to the sun, which means that Earth is equally illuminated in the Northern and Southern hemispheres," C. Alex Young, associate director for science in the Heliophysics Science Division at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, previously told Live Science.

In other words, the sun is directly above the equator at noon during an equinox.

This past week, the equinox happened at 5:58 p.m. EDT on Wednesday (March 20), marking the first astronomical day of spring for the Northern Hemisphere. The new image, however, was taken several hours before that, at 8 a.m. EDT, by the GOES EAST satellite.

Then GOES satellites, also known as the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite system, are a network of Earth-observing satellites operated by NOAA. They gather information on weather forecasting, severe storm tracking and meteorology research.

  • 2013 Amazing Earth Images
  • Photos: 2017 Great American Solar Eclipse
  • See Gorgeous Pics of the #SuperBlueBloodMoon Eclipse

Originally published on Live Science.

Enormous Great White Shark Pregnant with Record 14 Pups Was Caught and Sold in Taiwan

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A large, female great white shark pregnant with a record 14 pups was accidentally caught by fishers off the coast of Taiwan and sold at a fish market on Wednesday (March 20). The enormous mamma was purchased for less than $2,000 by a Taiwanese taxidermy company, Taiwan English News reported.

The images from local news agencies of the great white shark (Carcharodon carcharias) and the pups that were cut out of her are hard to believe. At more than 15 feet long (4.7 meters), the shark is bigger than a small car and is probably not what most fishers want in their nets. The shark's 14 pups look as though they were nearly fully developed and ready to take on the open ocean but were stopped short when their mother was killed.

The 14 pups this mamma shark was carrying likely mark a record number for the species, said David Ebert, a shark scientist and the director of the Pacific Shark Research Center at Moss Landing Marine Laboratories in Moss Landing, California. "It is very rare to catch pregnant white sharks, so at least they were able to document this with photographs," Ebert told Live Science in an email. [Image Gallery: Great White Sharks]

"From a scientific standpoint, it's great information for us as biologists because pregnant females [that scientists can study] are few and far between," echoed George Burgess, a marine biologist and director emeritus of the Florida Program for Shark Research at the University of Florida. Burgess told Live Science that before this female, the highest number of pups he could remember a white shark having was 12.

Great white sharks have two uteri, one on each side, Burgess said. He said he suspects this shark mamma was carrying seven pups in each uterus. Great white shark pups are oophagous, which means they eat eggs. "While they're in Mom, they're eating unfertilized eggs, and that's how they get big and fat," Burgess said. Plump, yolk-filled bellies are clearly visible in the photo of the 14 pups.

Although the pups look like small adult sharks, that doesn't mean they were ready to be born yet, Burgess said. Baby sharks start to look like miniadults very early on in development. If these pups can be measured, then scientists can estimate how far along in gestation the pups were before being killed.

How this big mamma was caught is unclear, but Burgess said he guesses it was trapped in something called a set net — a big net in the water that catches everything swimming in that area. "Animals swim in and don't swim out," Burgess said.

The shark was purchased by a marine taxidermy company called the Taiwan Ocean Art Museum, the Taiwan English News reported.

"My guess is [that] whoever bought it wanted the jaw," Burgess said. "Any large white shark jaw is worth a lot of money for collectors." The shark was sold by the pound, according to reports, which probably means the rest of the shark was sold for consumption, he said. "The animal will be totally utilized."

But before the shark is consumed, Burgess and his colleagues are working to connect with the shark's purchaser and obtain tissue samples from the mamma shark and each of her pups. "This is exciting for us as scientists because, again, finding a pregnant female doesn't happen often," Burgess said. "They aren't getting caught as often, which is great, but you also don't get animals to look at."

White shark populations are threatened worldwide, and the species is classified as vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

"The story is a good one in the sense of knowledge," Burgess said, "but a bad one in the sense that it's a pregnant female shark."

  • 7 Unanswered Questions About Sharks
  • In Photos: Baby Sharks Show Off Amazing Ability
  • Photos: Great White Shark Mysteriously Washes Up on a California Beach

Originally published on Live Science.

WestJet stikker med Boeing 737 Max 8 når flyene som er sertifisert til å fly – Kanadiske Virksomhet

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TORONTO — WestJet Airlines planer om å feste med leveranser av Boeing 737 Max fly når regulatorer godkjenne plan for re-entry i tjenesten.

Calgary-baserte flyselskapet, sier det ikke vil følge ledelsen av Indonesia flag carrier, som kansellert sitt bildesøk-dollar for 49 Maks 8 jets, og siterer et tap av selvtillit etter to dødelig krasj i de siste seks månedene.

WestJet hadde forventet å legge til ytterligere to av flyene dette året for å øke sin flåte til 13, men Boeing har stanset alle leveranser.

Talskvinne Lauren Stewart sier den 37 øvrige leveranser i sin orden vil ikke finne sted før jording er løftet og det grundig vurderer noen oppgraderinger.

Hun sier de smale-kroppen-fly er “en viktig del av flåten,” å ha utført “sikker, pålitelig og effektivt” siden 2017.

Air Canada og Sunwing ikke umiddelbart svare på forespørsler om kommentar.

 

Selskaper i denne historien: (TSX:WJA, TSX:AC).

Den Kanadiske Trykk

Kinesiske importører har sluttet å kjøpe Kanadiske raps frø: Næring – Kanadiske Virksomhet

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Raps frø eksportører rapport Kinesiske selskaper — en av deres største markeder — har sluttet å kjøpe deres produkt, i henhold til en bransjeorganisasjon.

Den pågående handel tvist som startet tidligere denne måneden, når Kina tilbakekalt tillatelsen av en større Kanadisk eksportør er også forårsaker woes for raps bønder, grappling med lavere priser og forsinkede leveranser.

Raps frø eksportører har fortalt Raps Council of Canada at Kinesiske importører er for tiden ikke er villig til å kjøpe deres produkt, gruppe sa i en pressemelding torsdag. Selskaper som er medlemmer av rådet inkluderer Viterra Inc., Louis Dreyfus Selskapet, Cargill Ltd. og Parrish & Heimbecker Ltd.

Rapportene kommer uker etter Kinas utenriksdepartement blokkert importen fra en av Canadas største korn produsenter, Richardson International Ltd., siterer frykt for insekt angrep.

På den tiden, noen forslag til flyttingen var gjengjeldelse for Canadas arrestasjonen av en topp Kinesisk tech executive. I desember, Kanadiske myndigheter arrestert Huawei Technologies Co. Inc. senior executive Meng Wanzhou i Vancouver på oppdrag fra Usa.

Det var noen innledende optimisme at Kinesiske bekymringer med raps handel kunne bli løst raskt, industri gruppe sa, og det er skuffet over at ikke skje.

Canada eksporten om lag 40 prosent av sin raps frø, olje og mel til Kina med raps frø eksporten til land være verdt $2.7 milliarder i 2018, ifølge rådet.

“Under de rådende omstendigheter, Kanadiske raps frø eksportører som normalt skipet til Kina har ikke annet alternativ enn å forsyne kunder i andre land som verdsetter høy kvalitet Kanadiske raps,” sa Jim Everson, rådets president, i en uttalelse.

Det har også skapt problemer for bøndene.

David Reid, 42, er en partner med familien på gården han vokste opp på i Cremona, Alta. — om lag 90 kilometer nordvest for Calgary. Raps står for om lag 30 prosent av det gården produserer nå.

Gården selger til et selskap som eksporterer produktet til andre steder, som Kina, men etter Richardson var tillatelsen tilbakekalles Reid sa forsendelser bremset og han så en umiddelbar prisfallet for sitt produkt.

Prisene falt med en dollar en skjeppe, sa han, som han anslo til å være en 12 prosent fall.

Prisen på råvarer har også falt i futures-kontrakt trading siden Wanzhou pågripelsen. Det Kan raps futures-kontrakten ble handel på $458.30 per tonn fredag ettermiddag — ned nesten 2,2 prosent.

Reid er nå å holde på flere av sine produkter i håp om at prisen vil stige.

“Vi vet ikke hvor lenge vi må kanskje vente til prisen å øke,” sa han, og legger til at mens det er mulig å lagre produktet i lang tid, bin plass vil bli et problem av høsten når han trenger plass for neste raps avling.

Han har allerede solgt noen produkter til lavere pris, som gjør vondt hans nederste linjen.

“Alle er følelsen det for sikkert,” sa han av andre raps bønder som han kjenner.

Følg @AleksSagan på Twitter.

Aleksandra Sagan, Den Kanadiske Trykk

Statistikk Canada rapporter fart på inflasjonen av høyere i februar – Kanadiske Virksomhet

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OTTAWA — Den årlige tempo av inflasjon edged høyere i februar som gevinster i de fleste å bruke kategorier offset lavere bensin priser, Statistikk Canada sa fredag.

Byrået rapportert konsumprisindeksen i februar steg 1,5 prosent sammenlignet med for ett år siden. Farten sammenlignet med en år-over-over-økning på 1,4 prosent i januar.

Økonomene hadde ventet et resultat på 1,4 prosent i februar.

Josh Nye, seniorøkonom i Royal Bank, sa den langsomme tempoet i inflasjonen vil bety Bank of Canada vil trolig fortsatt være tålmodig når det kommer til å heve renten.

“Med inflasjon gjenværende under to prosent nå tror vi det kommer til å bety en pause fra Bank of Canada,” Nye sagt.

“Så, husholdninger vil ikke bli å se den samme økning i lånekostnader i 2019 som de gjorde i 2018. Likevel skjønt, de kommer til å være å gjøre høyere nedbetaling av gjeld enn det de har i år tidligere, da renten var enda lavere, så fortsatt litt av en motvind for forbruk.”

Hjelpe presse kostnadene høyere var 8,1 prosent økning i boliglån rentekostnader og 14,3 prosent økning sammenlignet med for et år siden i kostnaden av friske grønnsaker. Kostnaden av passasjer kjøretøy forsikringspremier også økte med 6,3 prosent.

Kostnadene for bensin var nede 11,9 prosent sammenlignet med samme måned i fjor, som er total energi priser gled 5,7 prosent.

Imidlertid, Statistikk Canada sa strammere olje forsyninger og midlertidig stenging av flere raffinerier for sesongens vedlikehold hjulpet øke bensin prisene 1,9 prosent sammenlignet med januar, den første måned over måned økning i bensin siden juli 2018.

Unntatt bensin, den årlige fart på inflasjonen holdes stabil på 2,1 prosent, det samme som i januar.

Rapporten sa også gjennomsnittet av Bank of Canada er tre kjerneinflasjonen målinger, som utelater mer-flyktige elementer som gass, kantet ned til 1,8 prosent sammenlignet med lesing på 1,9 prosent i januar.

Norges bank, som har som mål å holde inflasjonen mellom en og tre prosent, som setter sin benchmark interest rate target som en måte å håndtere tempo av inflasjon. Bank of Canada holdt sin styringsrente mål på 1,75 prosent ved sin pris kunngjøringen tidligere denne måneden da det også reist spørsmål om styrken av økonomisk vekst for å starte året.

“Den viktigste meldingen for Bank of Canada er at med kjerneinflasjonen holde jevn like under to prosent-målet, og den bredere økonomien sliter for noen vekst i åpningen kvartal priser er i lås-ned-modus for overskuelig fremtid — ikke i motsetning til Fed,” sa Doug Porter, sjeføkonom i Bank of Montreal.

I en egen rapport, Statistikk Canada rapporterte fredag at detaljhandelen falt 0,3 prosent til $50.1 milliarder kroner i januar, den tredje på rad flytte lavere fallende salg på motorvogn og deler forhandlere veies på resultatene.

Analytikerne hadde estimert en måned over måned økning på 0,4 prosent, ifølge Thomson Reuters Eikon.

“Ikke bare detaljhandel snuble ut av porten, har vi også mottatt revisjoner peker til mindre styrke enn opprinnelig ble rapportert å lukke ut i fjor,” sa Brian DePratto, seniorøkonom ved TD Bank.

“Den skyldige igjen ser ut til å være forhøyet lånekostnader, med pris sensitive sektorer som auto forhandlere og møbler butikker ned på måned.”

Salg på motorvogn og deler forhandlere falt 1,5 prosent i januar på grunn av en 2,4 prosent nedgang i salget på ny bil forhandlere og 2,7 prosent slipp på brukt bil forhandlere. Unntatt undersektor, detaljhandel salget økte med 0,1 prosent.

Salg i volum vilkårene var i hovedsak uendret i januar.

 

Craig Wong, Den Kanadiske Trykk

Baby ål fiskere håp for året gratis av krypskyting, driftstans – Kanadiske Virksomhet

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PORTLAND, Maine — Maine fiskere begynte flere uker for å ta til elver og bekker for å fiske etter baby ål fredag, noe som markerte starten på en high-stakes sesongen skurtreskere håper ikke avbrutt av krypskyting bekymringer som det var for et år siden.

Fiskere i Maine bruker nettene til å høste baby ål, kalt elvers, å mate etterspørsel fra Asiatiske havbruk selskaper, som bruker dem som frø lager.

Små ål er kilden til en av de mest verdifulle fiskerier i land på en per-kilos basis, og de var verdt en oversikt over mer enn $for 2300 per kilo det siste året. Maine er hjem til den eneste betydelige elver fiske i landet.

Fjorårets sesong ble stengt to uker i begynnelsen av statlige myndigheter etter etterforskerne fant at ulovlig salg hadde forårsaket Maine å blåse forbi sin kvote for ål. Nye kontroller på fisket forventes å slå ned på hemmelig salg, og bruk av en swipe-kort system for å registrere transaksjoner forblir i kraft.

Darrell Unge, co-regissør av Maine Elver Fiskere Association, sa helse av fisket avhenger også av medlemmer av industri “oppfører seg” denne gangen.

“Kjøperne ønsket å finne veien rundt swipe-kort. De bare gjort det vanskeligere for alle andre,” Young sa.

Den elvers er hevet til forfall i akvakultur, slik at de kan brukes som mat, for eksempel kabayaki, som er en begrave, slakting kuttet av fisk. De fleste av verdens ål er produsert i Kina, og fisken er spesielt populær som mat i Japan. Noen av elvers slaktet i Maine til slutt komme tilbake til Usa for bruk i sushi-restauranter.

En interstate fiske kommisjonen kvoten på 9,688 pounds. Det var om mengden av elvers Maine fiskere fisket i 2014, når myndigheter besluttet å skjerpe kontrollene på fisket. Kvoten tidligere hadde vært mer enn 2000 pounds høyere.

Den elver fiske sesongen har muligheten til å kjøre frem til juni 7, men avsluttes tidligere hvis fiskere trykk ut kvoten før da.

Elver fiske noen ganger begynner sakte og varmer opp i April og Mai fordi fiskerne må elver og bekker for å tine før de kan fiske.

American elvers ble spesielt verdifull i tidlig 2010s, når andre land er ål fiskeri vaklet. De har vært verdt hvor som helst fra $875 til $2,366 per kilo siden.

Patrick Whittle, Associated Press

WestJet sticking with Boeing 737 Max 8 once planes certified to fly – Canadian Business

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TORONTO — WestJet Airlines plans to stick with deliveries of Boeing 737 Max aircraft once regulators approve the plane for re-entry into service.

The Calgary-based airline says it won’t follow the lead of Indonesia’s flag carrier, which cancelled its multibillion-dollar order for 49 Max 8 jets, citing a loss of confidence after two deadly crashes in the past six months.

WestJet had expected to add two more of the planes this year to increase its fleet to 13, but Boeing has suspended all future deliveries.

Spokeswoman Lauren Stewart says the 37 remaining deliveries in its order won’t take place until the grounding is lifted and it thoroughly evaluates any upgrades.

She says the narrow-body planes remain “a vital part of the fleet,” having performed “safely, reliably and efficiently” since 2017.

Air Canada and Sunwing didn’t immediately respond to requests for comment.

 

Companies in this story: (TSX:WJA, TSX:AC).

The Canadian Press